How to Prepare For Long Term Storage of Grains?
The trading of grain throughout the world is unstable and majorly depends upon the prices, weather conditions and the trade relationship. One of the important aspects is to store the grain in proper storage until the weather conditions are suitable for selling them in the global market.
This may lead to storing the grain for a longer period of time than expected due to the fluctuations in the weather conditions. In some cases, aeration can help in managing the storage of grains for a long time and maintaining the quality of the same using some of the most suitable Farm Shop products.
What are the best practices for long term storage of grains?
To plan for long term storing of the grains, it is important that grain is stored with the recommended moisture content. When the grain attains the safe moisture content level, it becomes easy to bring it to the right temperature level using the process of aeration and keeping an eye on the grain using Farm Shop products like Grain Temp Guard Dual system, Grain Temp Guard – Alarm DT / HT, EndZone -Automatic Fan Control, etc.
In case, there is a change in the temperature and different spots inside the bin, then there is a reason behind it. The cause of such changes in the temperature could be due to fungus, mold, insect infestation, pests, or rodents. Therefore, it is highly recommended to diagnose the cause and solve the issue at the earliest.
Also, the farmers must understand the fact that the grain is found to be a good insulator, and they react immediately to the weather conditions by changing their temperatures. During winters the grains are cold and warmer in summer and spring
Should you change the aeration practices according to the seasons?
In the Midwest, some of the farmers who grow corn and follow a stepwise aeration process. When the grain has been harvested and all set to be stored, generally during the month of October, the temperature outside is about 50-60 F and this is the time when the farmer should use aeration fans to operate. First of all, it is required to run a cooling cycle to get the temperature of the grain down around 50 F.
Then farmers need to wait for the temperatures of the grain to get a little lower. Thereafter, the fans will again run another cooling cycle so that the temperature of the grain is lowered to 40 F. This is called a step-wise aeration process and it is helpful for long term storage of grain with a lesser risk of developing grain issues.
When it is winter, some farmers prefer to continue aeration and then freeze the grains. However, during the spring and summer seasons, when the temperature gets warmer, the farmers must check the headspace of the top of the bin.
This is necessary to find out if there is any condensation build-up. In the spring and summer, the air inside the top part of the bin is warm during the day and cold at night which can lead to condensation. Therefore, the upper part of the bin must be monitored. In case there are ventilation fans in the roof, it should be used for clearing the moisture.
What are the best Farm Shop products that are helpful in long-term storage of grain?
The farmers can install the Grain Temp Guard Dual system in the bin to keep an eye on the temperature and moisture content of the grains. It can be attached to the Grain Temp Guard Probes – Alarm DT / HT inside the bin. These probes and cables are helpful in measuring the temperature and humidity levels of the grain.
These grain monitoring devices are able to measure the temperature inside as well as outside the bin according to the prevailing weather conditions. The Grain Temp Guard system helps in determining the aeration requirement of the grain.
Generally, it is suggested to check the grain temperature and moisture every week during spring, fall, and summer. This will help in keeping a check on the present temperature and moisture levels. However, during winters, it is alright to check the grains every two weeks. Checking the temperature is important as the temperature inside the bin may vary according to the weather conditions.